Home | Trade Partners | Project Reports | Tenders | Communications & IT | Face2Face | FDI:Destination India

 


''I have an important announcement to make:

"Today, at 1545 hours, India conducted three underground nuclear tests in the Pokhran range. The tests conducted today were with a fission device, a low yield device and a thermonuclear device. The measured yields are in line with expected values. Measurements have also confirmed that there was no release of radioactivity into the atmosphere. These were contained explosions like the experiment conducted in May 1974. I warmly congratulate the scientists and engineers who have carried out these successful tests.''

{Text of Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee’s announcement in Parliament on May 11, 1998)

 

 

 

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA AND THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY FOR THE APPLICATION OF SAFEGUARDS TO CIVILIAN NUCLEAR FACILITIES

RECOGNIZING the significance India attaches to civilian nuclear energy as an efficient, clean and sustainable energy source for meeting global energy demand, in particular for meeting India's growing energy needs;

WHEREAS India is committed to the full development of its national three-stage nuclear programme to meet the twin challenges of energy security and protection of the environment;

WHEREAS India has a sovereign and inalienable right to carry out nuclear research and development activities for the welfare of its people and other peaceful purposes;

WHEREAS India, a State with advanced nuclear technology, wishes to expand civil nuclear cooperation for its national development;

WHEREAS India is desirous of further expanding cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (hereinafter referred to as "the Agency") and its Member States with the objective of the full development and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, on a stable, reliable and predictable basis;

WHEREAS India supports the role of the Agency in the promotion of the safe and peaceful uses of nuclear energy as set forth in the Statute of the Agency (hereinafter referred to as the "Statute");

NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS IN OPERATION IN INDIA
 
Unit-Location
Type
Capacity (MWe)
Date of Commercial Operation
1.
BWR
160
28-Oct-1969
2.
BWR
160
28-Oct-1969
3.
PHWR
100
16-Dec-1973
4.
PHWR
200
01-Apr-1981
 
5.
PHWR
220
27-Jan-1984
6.
PHWR
220
21-Mar-1986
 
7.
PHWR
220
01-Jan-1991
8.
PHWR
220
01-Jul-1992
 
9.
PHWR
220
06-May-1993
10.
PHWR
220
01-Sep-1995
 
11.
PHWR
220
16-Nov-2000
12.
PHWR
220
16-Mar-2000
 
13.
PHWR
220
01-Jun-2000
14.
PHWR
220
23-Dec-2000
 
15.
PHWR
540
12-Sept-2005
16.
PHWR
540
18-August-2006
17.
PHWR
220
06-May-2007
Total
4120
 

WHEREAS India and the Agency have long standing cooperation in various aspects of the Agency's activities;

RECOGNIZING that such cooperation between India and the Agency must be carried out with full respect for the objectives of the Statute and with due observance of the sovereign rights of India;

WHEREAS the Statute authorizes the Agency to apply safeguards, at the request of the parties, to any bilateral or multilateral arrangement, or at the request of a State to any of the State's activities in the field of atomic energy and, in this context:

Noting the relevance for this Agreement of the understandings between India and the United States of America expressed in the India-U.S. Joint Statement of 18 July 2005, in which India, inter alia, has stated its willingness:

  • to identify and separate its civilian and military nuclear facilities and programmes in a phased manner;

  • to file with the Agency a declaration regarding its civilian nuclear facilities (hereinafter referred to as "the Declaration")

  • to take a decision to place voluntarily its civilian nuclear facilities under Agency safeguards;

Noting also for the purposes of this Agreement that:

  • India will place its civilian nuclear facilities under Agency safeguards so as to facilitate full civil nuclear cooperation between India and Member States of the Agency and to provide assurance against withdrawal of safeguarded nuclear material from civilian use at any time.
  • An essential basis of India's concurrence to accept Agency safeguards under an India-specific safeguards agreement (hereinafter referred to as "this Agreement") is the conclusion of international cooperation arrangements creating the necessary conditions for India to obtain access to the international fuel market, including reliable, uninterrupted and continuous access to fuel supplies from companies in several nations, as well as support for an Indian effort to develop a strategic reserve of nuclear fuel to guard against any disruption of supply over the lifetime of India's reactors; and
  • India may take corrective measures to ensure uninterrupted operation of its civilian nuclear reactors in the event of disruption of foreign fuel supplies;

 

Pages: 12 I 3 I 4 I 5 I 6 I Next