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PRIME MINISTER’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF FINANCE

RESERVE BANK OF INDIA

SECURITIES & EXCHANGE BOARD OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY

MINISTRY OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS

MINISTRY OF DEFENCE

MINISTRY OF HEAVY INDUSTRIES

DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL POLICY & PROMOTION 

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

DEPARTMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATION

NATIONAL HIGHWAYS AUTHORITY OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF SHIPPING

MINISTRY OF CIVIL AVIATION

AIRPORTS AUTHORITY OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF RAILWAYS

MINISTRY OF PETROLEUM

MINISTRY OF CHEMICALS

MINISTRY OF POWER

 

 

 

 

 

 


Upswing in FDI

Foreign Direct Investment equity inflow in India increased to US $ 27.31 billion in the financial year 2008-09 from US $ 5.5 billion in fiscal 2005-06. Further, the FDI equity inflows in 2007-08 were US $ 24.58 billion and increased to US $ 27.31 billion in 2008-09, despite the economic slowdown, showing a growth of 11 percent over the previous financial year. No target has been fixed for the current financial year. However, for the first two months of the current fiscal FDI inflows reportedly stood at US $ 4.434 billion. Various assessments/ studies have shown that India continues to be one of the most attractive destinations for investments worldwide in the period 2009-2011.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has the potential of enhancing economic activity and employment in the country by complementing and supplementing domestic investment. Additional investments brought in through FDI, over and above investments possible with the available domestic resources, assist in providing additional employment opportunities. FDI also plays a vital role in the upgradation of technology, skills and managerial capabilities.

 

CUMULATIVE FDI EQUITY INFLOWS 

In Rs Crore

In US$ Million

Cumulative amount of FDI inflows (From April 2000 to March 2009)

3,93,020

89,819

Amount of FDI inflows during 2008-9 (From April 2008  to January 2009)

105,673

23, 885

Cumulative amount of FDI Inflows (Up to April 2009)

4,04,728

92,158

SOURCE: DIPP,  Federal Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India

The Indian government has put in place a liberal and investor-friendly policy on FDI under which FDI up to 100% is permitted on the automatic route in most sectors/ activities, including infrastructure and Research and Development (R&D). The UNCTAD World Investment Reports (WIR) 2007 & 2008, in their analysis of the global trends and sustained growth of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows, have reported India as the second most attractive location for FDI for 2007- 2009. India has retained the second place in A. T. Kearney’s 2007 Foreign Direct Investment Confidence Index, a position it has held since 2005. Government has also announced a slew of measures to accelerate the demand in the economy which would enable India to continue as an attractive investment destination. Under the liberalized economic environment, investment decisions of investors are based on the macro-economic policy framework, investment climate in the state, investment policies of the transnational corporations and other commercial considerations.
Year Wise FDI inflows into Infrastructure sector during April 2000 to December 2007
(In US$ million)

YEAR

AMOUNT

2000-01

292.37

2001-02

1902.26

2002-03

347.33

2003-04

388.37

2004-05

456.00

2005-06

914.04

2006-07

2179.39

2007-08 (Up to December 2007)

4095.80

TOTAL

10575.56

SOURCE: Federal Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India

The government continues to make efforts to increase economic cooperation with the developing as well as developed countries through different fora such as Joint Commissions/Joint Committees, other bilateral channels like interaction with the delegations visiting the country and organizing visits abroad for discussions on issues of mutual interest and business/ investment meets between Indian and foreign entrepreneurs to stimulate foreign investment into India. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion also participates in discussions covering industrial cooperation organized by other Ministries and Departments of Government of India and the Joint Business Council meetings.

The government also undertakes investment promotion activities through organisation of Destination India and Invest India events in various countries with FDI potential to create awareness about the investment climate and opportunities in India, as well as to provide support to potential investors

Policymakers estimate that to sustain high growth rate India will need massive investment in the five year period to March 2012, including $500 billion in infrastructure, to sustain high growth rates. In January, India raised FDI limits in petroleum refinery, aviation, commodity exchanges, credit information companies and mining of some precious metals to attract more capital and boost growth in those sectors. The Congress(I)-led UPA government has plan to raise FDI limits in insurance to 49 cent. in fact the Cabinet has okayed it, now it will go to Parliament. However, the retail trade is yet to be opened further. The government is in the process of fine tuning FDI rules in order to make India more attractive as FDI destination.
 


FDI Equity Inflows (2008-09)

MONTHS

In Rs crore

In US$ Million

April 2008

15005

3749

May 2008

16563

3932

June 2008

10244

2392

July 2008

9627

2247

August 2008

9995

2328

September 2008

11676

2562

October 2008

7284

1497

November 2008

5305

1083

December 2008

6626

1362

January 2009

13347

2733

Year 2008-09 (Up to January 2009)

105673

23885

Year 2007-08 (Up to January 2008)

58203

14466

YOY Growth (%)

(+) 81

(+) 65


SOURCE: DIPP,  Federal Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India

In FDI equity investments Mauritius tops the list of first ten investing countries followed by US, UK, Singapore, Netherlands, Japan, Germany, France, Cyprus and Switzerland.  Between April 2000 and July 2008 FDI inflows from Mauritius stood at $ 11,208 million followed by $ 3454 million from Singapore; $ 1802 million from the US; $ 864 million from the UK; $ 883 million from the Netherlands; $ 405 million from Japan; 629 million from Germany; $ 1287 million from Cyprus; and $ 467 million from France.
 


Top ten investing (FDI Equity) countries (In Rs. crore)

COUNTRY

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08 

2008-09 (from April-March, 2009)

Cumulative (From April 2000 to April
2009)

% with total (inflows  in terms of rupees)

Mauritius

11441
(2570)

28759
(6363)

44483
(11096)

50794
(11208)

168485
(38305)

44%

USA

2210
(502)

3861
(856)

4377
(1089)

8002
(1802)

28303
(6404)

7%

UK

1164
(266)

8389
(1878)

4690
(1176)

3840
(864)

23002
(5246)

6%

Singapore

1218
(275)

2662
(578)

12319
(3073)

15727
(3454)

34467
(7934)

9%

Netherlands

340
(76)

2905
(644)

2780
(695)

3922
(883)

15957
(3611)

4%

Japan

925
(208)

382
(85)

3336
(815)

1889
(405)

12041(2694)

3%

Germany

1345
(303)

540
(120)

2075
(514)

2750
(629)

9580
(2191)

3%

France

82
(18)

528
(117)

583
(145)

2098
(467)

5489
(1229)

1%

Cyprus

310
(70)

266
(58)

3385
(834)

5983
(1287)

11140
(2491)

3%

UAE

219
(49)

1174
(260)

1039
(258)

1133
(257)

4146
(948)

1%

Total FDI inflows*

24613
(5546)

70630
(15726)

98664
(24579)

122919
(27309)

404728
(92158)

-


SOURCE: DIPP, Federal Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India
Figures in bracket are in US$ million

Pages: 1 2 I 3 I 4 I 5 I 6 I 7 I 8 Next

September 2009